Gunnery guide: M1IP

Since its inception in the 1980s, the M1 series main battle tank has been one of the most iconic fighting vehicles in the western world.  A veteran of numerous theatres and conflicts, this tank has proven itself both deadly and resilient, and its modern variants are expected to remain in service for years to come. 

GHPC features an early variant of the M1: the M1IP (or IPM1), a stopgap model equipped with a dated 105mm main gun and an upgraded special armor package.  This tank features most of the upgrades that would later appear on the 120mm-armed M1A1, but without the new smoothbore gun.  In this game, it serves in the US Army armored cav, bolstering NATO forces along the border. 

This guide will teach you how to use the M1IP to its full potential in combat.

Overview

Unlike many contemporary tanks, which have maybe one strong trait and several weaknesses, the M1IP appears to have it all.  It's fast, well armored, highly survivable, and brings its firepower to bear with a sophisticated digital fire control system (FCS).  As of its introduction to the early GHPC demo, it is absolutely without parallel. 

A rather unique feature of the M1 series is its separate armored ammunition storage in the turret bustle.  If the ammunition is ignited and the firewall and doors are sealed, the crew will be protected from the fire.  This safety measure, combined with the exceptional frontal armor protection and well spaced internal layout, lets the M1IP come back from hits that would be devastating to other tanks. 


Above: The M1IP is equipped with a "special armor" kit that provides strong resistance against most KE and HEAT threats along the frontal arc

Gunner's Primary Sight (GPS)

Engaging targets with the M1IP is a blend of manual and computerized inputs, performed using the GPS.  The operating principle of this sight is simple: rather than showing ballistic markings and requiring the gunner to read them, the system simply displays an aiming reticle and a range number.  The reticle is dynamically placed in the gunner's view, shifted left or right to show the predicted impact point when lead is engaged.  The main gun superelevates automatically, and the turret offsets for lead, so the gunner only needs to place the reticle on the center of the target and maintain a steady track to obtain a hit. 


In addition to the reticle and range display, the GPS features some elements which appear only at certain times.  The square icon above and left of the range display indicates that the gun is ready to fire (in practical terms, loaded and able to aim where the sight is pointing).  There is also a small "F" symbol that can appear on the right if there is a fault in the FCS.  In the real M1 series GPS, a solid bar over the numbers indicates multiple laser returns; however, this indicator is not modeled in GHPC at this time.

The gunner's sight also features the option to view the thermal imaging sight (TIS).  This sight is highly effective for target detection out to long distances in day or night.  All the aiming and feedback elements from the GPS day sight channel are present in the TIS as well, and their operation is the same.  As usual, you can switch gunner's sight channels by pressing T by default. 

Laser rangefinder

The M1IP's FCS relies on the correct range to the target being registered in the system.  To facilitate accurate range readings, the tank is equipped with a laser rangefinder (default: E).  When activated, the rangefinder automatically engages the lead system and causes a superelevation update from the fire control system. 

To aim the laser rangefinder, use the dot in the center of the GPS reticle.  The aim point moves with the reticle when lead is induced.

Leading moving targets

As a modern tank with a digital fire control system, the M1IP has fully automated lead compensation.  All the gunner needs to do is achieve a steady track on the center of the target, lase, and fire.  The gun aim direction will adjust slightly ahead of the target, and the GPS reticle will slide back to show the true aim point.  This works in both the day sight and the thermal night sight. 

Using the lead system can take a bit of practice but is well worth mastering, as it allows you to get consistent hits at long range when you or your target are moving at a steady pace.  The procedure is best demonstrated by a video:

Lead is automatically induced when you use the laser rangefinder.  If you wish to re-center the sight and stop compensating for lead, simply "dump lead" by momentarily releasing the aiming controls.  This is akin to dumping lead with the actual gunner's palm switches in real M1 series tanks. 

Ammunition

The M1IP in GHPC comes standard with two highly capable main gun ammunition types: M833 Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot (APFSDS or "sabot") and M456 High Explosive Anti-Tank Fin-Stabilized (HEAT-FS or "HEAT").  The M833 is best used against heavy armor, such as other tanks, as it flies fast with a flat trajectory and is capable of defeating all but the most advanced armor in the time period.  For lightly armored targets and general purpose destruction, it's best to switch to the M456, which offers decent blast damage and a shaped charge warhead that's capable of defeating even some tank armor. 

Above: Various types of 105 mm tank ammunition in GHPC, including the M833 (left) and the M456 (right). Note the breakaway sabot petals and the armor piecing dart projectiles. The M833 and M900 (top) have cores made of extremely dense depleted uranium alloy for superior armor penetration.

A note on survivability

The frontal armor of the M1IP is extremely strong compared to most other tanks in service in 1985.  Nevertheless, it is still vulnerable to some threats, such as the latest Russian ammunition (not present in East German inventories), or very close range hits to the lower plate with APFSDS rounds. 

By contrast, the side armor of the M1IP is fairly weak to most anti-tank threats.  The turret sides can resist low-powered HEAT munitions, as can the front sections of the hull sides, but everywhere else is fairly vulnerable.  When crewing this tank, use caution to avoid being outmaneuvered.  The frontal protection is top-notch, so make sure that's the only aspect the enemy sees.

For convenience, here is an approximate chart of strong and weak points for the M1IP when facing the 3BM15 dart.



Conclusion

As the flagship main battle tank for US forces in CENTAG in 1985, the M1IP brings a fearsome level of capability into battle.  When its assets and systems are used as designed, and proper tactics are employed to protect against flanking attacks, there is little that will stand in its way. 

Thank you for reading, and we hope you enjoy playing Gunner, HEAT, PC!



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Usufo2
Usufo2
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love the update! possible new tank for the future: Leopard 1?